P20209 Mental probability logic
 
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Homepage of
Dr.Dr. Niki Pfeifer

Papers

  1. Pfeifer, N. (2013). On argument strength. In F. Zenker (Ed.), Bayesian argumentation. The practical side of probability (pp. 185-193). Dordrecht: Synthese Library Vol. 362 (Springer).

  2. Pfeifer, N. (2012). Experiments on Aristotle's Thesis: Towards an experimental philosophy of conditionals. The Monist, 95(2), 223-240.
    The abstract is published in The Review of Metaphysics, 2012, 65(4), p. 938.

  3. Fugard, A. J. B., Pfeifer, N. & Mayerhofer, B. (2011). Probabilistic theories of reasoning need pragmatics too: Modulating relevance in uncertain conditionals. Journal of Pragmatics, 43, 2034–2042.

  4. Fugard, A. J. B., Pfeifer, N., Mayerhofer, B. & Kleiter, G. D. (2011). How people interpret conditionals: Shifts towards the conditional event. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 37(3), 635-648.

  5. Pfeifer, N. (2011). Systematic rationality norms provide research roadmaps and clarity. Commentary on Elqayam & Evans: Subtracting "ought" from "is": Descriptivism versus normativism in the study of human thinking. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 34(5), 263-264.

  6. Pfeifer, N. (2011). Editorial and interview with Wilfrid Hodges. The Reasoner, 5(11), 178-183.

  7. Pfeifer, N. & Kleiter, G. D. (2011). Uncertain deductive reasoning. In K. Manktelow, Over, D. E., and S. Elqayam (Eds.), The science of reason: A Festschrift for Jonathan St B.T. Evans (pp. 145-166). Hove, UK: Psychology Press.

  8. Pfeifer, N. & Kleiter, G. D. (2010). The conditional in mental probability logic. In Oaksford, M. & Chater, N. (Eds.), Cognition and conditionals: Probability and logic in human thought (pp. 153-173). Oxford: Oxford University Press.

  9. Pfeifer, N. & Kleiter, G. D. (2009). Mental probability logic. Commentary on Oaksford & Chater: Bayesian Rationality. The Probabilistic Approach to human reasoning. Oxford University Press. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 32 (1), pp. 98-99.

  10. Fugard, A. J. B., Pfeifer, N., Mayerhofer, B. & Kleiter, G. D. (2009). How people interpret an uncertain If. In T. Kroupa &J. Vejnarova (Eds.). Proceedings of the 8th Workshop on Uncertainty Processing (pp. 80-91), Liblice, CZ.

  11. Pfeifer, N. & Kleiter, G. D. (2009). Framing human inference by coherence based probability logic. Journal of Applied Logic, 7 (2), pp. 206-217. DOI.

  12. Pfeifer, N., Fugard, A. J. B. & Kleiter, G. D. (2008). ProbNet09: The Logic of Causal and Probabilistic Reasoning in Uncertain Environments, 19-23 February (Summary). The Reasoner, 3(4), 5-6.

  13. Pfeifer, N. (2008). On mental probability logic. Abstract of my PhD thesis, published in "Abstracts of Recent PhDs", The Knowledge Engineering Review, 2008, 23, pp. 217-226, DOI.

  14. Pfeifer, N. (2008). A probability logical interpretation of fallacies. In G. Kreuzbauer, N. Gratzl, & Hiebl, E. (Hrsg.). Rhetorische Wissenschaft: Rede und Argumentation in Theorie und Praxis. Wien: LIT, 225-244.

 

Talks

  1. Pfeifer, N. Probabilistic justification. Justification II: From Reasons to Reasoning (workshop), Collège de France (hosted by the Institut Jean Nicod; invited talk) Paris (France), 03.05.2012.

  2. Pfeifer, N. & Douven, I. Formal epistemology + psycholoy of reasoning = experimental philosophy of uncertain reasoning. Formal Epistemology Meets Experimental Philosophy, Tilburg (The Netherlands), 29.-30.09.2011.

  3. Pfeifer, N. Coherence based probability logic: Philosophical and psychological applications. The Fifth Workshop on Combining Probability and Logic (progic2011), Columbia University, New York (USA), 10.-11.09.2011.

  4. Pfeifer, N. Towards an experimental philosophy of uncertain reasoning. 14th Congress of logic, methodology, and philosophy of science, Nancy (France), 19.-26.07.2011.

  5. Pfeifer, N. Applying coherence based probability logic to philosophical problems. Workshop on Bayesian Methods in Philosophy, Carl-Friedrich von Siemens Foundation Munich (Germany), 15.06.2011. Video recording (released on July 2).

  6. Pfeifer, N. Combining formal epistemology and the psychology of reasoning. The Institute for Logic, Language and Computation, Amsterdam (The Netherlands), 26.05.2011.

  7. Pfeifer, N. Material conditionals are usually not assertable in uncertain environments. Conditionals, Counterfactuals and Causes in Uncertain Environments (invited talk), Düsseldorf (Germany), 19.-22.5.2011.

  8. Pfeifer, N., Sanfilippo, G. & Gilio, A. Coherent probabilistic quantification, existential import and Aristotelian syllogistics. Vague Quantities and Vague Quantifiers (VQ2), Berlin (Germany), 8.-9.12.2010.

  9. Pfeifer, N. Human interpretation and reasoning about conditionals. Workshop on Dialogues, Inference, and Proof - Logical and Empirical Perspectives, Vienna (Austria), 26.-28.11.2010.

  10. Pfeifer, N. Rational argumentation under uncertainty: A probability logical approach. Workshop on Bayesian Argumentation (invited talk), Lund (Sweden), 22.-23.10.2010.

  11. Pfeifer, N. Mental probability logic. SPP 1516 "New frameworks of rationality" kickoff workshop, Potsdam (Germany), 7.-9.10.2010.

  12. Pfeifer, N. Wahrscheinlichkeitslogik als Rationalitätsnorm. KogWis 2010 - The 10th Biannual Meeting of the German Society for Cognitive Science (invited talk), Potsdam (Germany), 3.-6.10.2010.

  13. Pfeifer, N. Aristotle's thesis, syllogisms and human probabilistic reasoning. Dipartimento di Scienze Statistiche e Matematiche "Silvio Vianelli", Universitá degli Studi di Palermo (Italy), 10.09.2010.

  14. Fugard, A. J. B. & Pfeifer, N. The psychology of deduction in a probabilistic setting. Talk at the symposium What is a deduction? Integrating logical, psychological and philosophical perspectives, at the Annual Meeting of the European Society for Philosophy and Psychology, Bochum and Essen (Germany), 25.-28.8.2010.

  15. Pfeifer, N. Experiments on Aristotle's Thesis: New evidence against the material conditional interpretation 5th London Reasoning Workshop, London (UK), 29.-30.7.2010.

  16. Pfeifer, N. The role of logic and probability in the psychology of reasoning. Seminar for Mathematical Logic at the Mathematical Institute of the Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts (invited talk), Belgrade (Serbia), 4.6.2010.

  17. Pfeifer, N. Properties of probabilistic argument forms. Mathematical Institute of the Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts (invited talk), Belgrade (Serbia), 3.6.2010.

  18. Pfeifer, N. Denken mit unsicheren Konditionalen. Abteilung Allgemeine Psychologie und Kognitionsforschung, Justus-Liebig-Universität Giessen (Germany), 1.6.2010.

  19. Pfeifer, N. Investigating probabilistic argument forms. Formal Epistemology Project, Centre for Logic & Analytical Philosophy, University of Leuven (Belgium), 20.4.2010.

  20. Pfeifer, N. Investigating human inference in a probability logic framework. Research Seminar in Epistemology and Philosophy of Science, invited by the Tilburg Center for Logic and Philosophy of Science, Tilburg (The Netherlands), 06.04.2010.

  21. Pfeifer, N. Human conditional reasoning and Aristotle's Thesis. PROBNET'10 (Probabilistic networks) workshop, Salzburg (Austria), 25.02.-28.02.2010.

  22. Fugard, A. J. B., Pfeifer, N., Mayerhofer, B. & Kleiter, G. D How people converge on an interpretation of conditionals. PROBNET'10 (Probabilistic networks) workshop, Salzburg (Austria), 25.02.-28.02.2010.

  23. Fugard, A. J. B. & Pfeifer, N. What does probability have to do with how people reason? Department of Psychology, University of Salzburg (Austria) invited by the Salzburger Gesellschaft für Psychologie, 13.01.2010.

  24. Pfeifer, N. Towards a probabilistic semantics of syllogisms. LogiCCC working day at WUPES 2009, Liblice (Czech Republic), 23.9.2009.

  25. Fugard, A. J. B., Pfeifer, N., Mayerhofer, B. & Kleiter, G. D. How people interpret an uncertain If. 8th Workshop on Uncertainty Processing (WUPES 2009), Liblice (Czech Republic), 19.-23.9.2009.

  26. Pfeifer, N. Modeling human conditional reasoning by probability logic. Conditionals and Conditionalization, Leuven (Belgium), 4-6.9.2009.

  27. Pfeifer, N., Kratzer, L., Fugard, A. J. B. & Kleiter, G. D. Do people understand probabilistic (non-)informativeness? 4th London Reasoning Workshop, London (UK), 27.-28.7.2009.

  28. Fugard, A. J. B., Pfeifer, N., Mayerhofer, B. & Kleiter, G. D. Conditional interpretation in a generalized probabilistic truth table task. 4th London Reasoning Workshop, London (UK), 27.-28.7.2009.

  29. Pfeifer, N. Cognition and conditionals. Talk. Conditionals. A one-day workshop at the University of Düsseldorf (Germany), 11.05.2009.

  30. Pfeifer, N., Kratzer, L. & Kleiter, G. D. What do people think about the paradoxes of the material conditional? Talk. PROBNET'09 (The Logic of Causal and Probabilistic Reasoning in Uncertain Environments) workshop, Salzburg (Austria), 19.02.-23.02.2009. Slides.

  31. Pfeifer, N. & Kleiter, G. D. Uncertain deductive reasoning. Talk. 3rd London Reasoning Worksop, London (UK), 18.-19.08.2008.

  32. Pfeifer, N. & Kleiter, G. D. Human reasoning about uncertain conditionals. Talk given at the 3rd International Workshop on Data--Algorithms--Decision Making, Liblice (Czech Republic), 09.12.-11.12.2007.

  33. Pfeifer, N. & Kleiter, G. D. Conditional reasoning in mental probability logic. Talk given at the PROBNET'07 (Probabilistic networks and uncertain reasoning) workshop, Salzburg (Austria), 29.11.-02.12.2007.

  34. Pfeifer, N. & Kleiter, G. D. Framing human inference by coherence based probability logic. Talk given by Kleiter at the 10th Czech-Japan Seminar on Data Analysis and Decision-Making under Uncertainty, Liblice (Czech Republic), 15.-18.09.2007.

  35. Pfeifer, N. & Kleiter, G. D. Framing human inference by coherence based probability logic. Talk The 3rd Workshop on Combining Probability and Logic, Canterbury (UK), 05.-07.09.2007.

  36. Pfeifer, N. & Kleiter, G. D. The Conditional in Mental Probability Logic. Talk 2nd London Reasoning Worksop, London (UK), 28.-29.08.2007.

 

Poster

  1. Pfeifer, N. & Kleiter, G. D. Uncertain deductive reasoning. Poster. 6th International Conference on Thinking, Venice (Italy), 21.-23.08.2008.

 

PhD Thesis

  1. Pfeifer, N. (2012, cum laude). Naturalized formal epistemology of uncertain reasoning. Second PhD thesis (in philosophy), The Tilburg Center for Logic and Philosophy of Science, Tilburg University.

 

Master's theses

  1. Kratzer, L. (2010). Investigating human reasoning about paradoxical arguments in a probabilistic framework. Masters Thesis. Department of Psychology, University of Salzburg.

  2. Dollak, F. (2010). The influence of syntactical and representational categories on conditional reasoning. Masters Thesis. Department of Psychology, University of Salzburg.

  3. Dieterle, A. (2008). Human non-monotonic reasoning: Transitivity and generalized quantifiers. Masters Thesis. Department of Psychology, University of Salzburg.

 

 
 
 

With support from
FWFDer Wissenschaftsfonds